July 30, 2016

Department of Education – Transgender

Department of Education - Transgender

Schools across the country strive to create and sustain inclusive, supportive, safe, and nondiscriminatory
communities for all students. In recent years, we have received an increasing number of questions from
parents, teachers, principals, and school superintendents about civil rights protections for transgender
students. Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (Title IX) and its implementing regulations
prohibit sex discrimination in educational programs and activities operated by recipients of Federal
financial assistance. 1 This prohibition encompasses discrimination based on a student’s gender identity,
including discrimination based on a student’s transgender status. This letter summarizes a school’s Title
IX obligations regarding transgender students and explains how the U.S. Department of Education (ED)
and the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) evaluate a school’s compliance with these obligations.

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